���_.��`8�,�m�U��������_ow���|W��/���f���Y�������pw�x�vv�\�v�������\����l�����7���|��*+��4JU! The responses are estimated as losses of 26–29% for soybean, wheat and cotton, and 31, 37 and 40% for maize, rice and potatoes, respectively. Crop losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may be prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures. Among the plant products, neem oil was the best treatment both in Kharif (60.20 %) and Rabi (59.91 %) followed by Nimbecidine (57.42 %). Percent of fruit infestation was minimum in V4 (BARI begun-6) (25.16%, 27.42% and 25.40% at three stages respectively). The females lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant. Biology, Brinjal, Shoot and fruit borer . There was no significant linear association between ascorbic acid content and SOSm (r=0.10) but we found a significant but low correlation (r=0.34*) between SOSw and ascorbic acid content. brinjal shoot and fruit borer is also native to India due to its monophagous nature. Highly significant differences were detected among accessions for SOS activities with accession means ranging from 26% to 60% nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction inhibition for SOSm, and 40% to 81% NBT reduction inhibition for SOSw. Percent shoot infestation reduction over control at different stages, . There are different types of management for the control of this insect. In this chapter, the authors focus on the future of botanical pesticides with special references to agriculture. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. The effect of ANSE was compared with a registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. Due to azinphos-methyl resistance, population densities of this pest have increased in commercial apple growing regions in the Eastern United States [5]. It is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, Means followed by common letter(s) in a colu, of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) to en. Productivity of crops grown for human consumption is at risk due to the incidence of pests, especially weeds, pathogens and animal pests. Brinjal (Solanum melongena . The efficacy of crop protection was higher in cash crops than in food crops. V2=BARI begun-4, V3=BARI begun-5, V4=BARI begun-6, V5=BARI begun-7, V6=BARI begun-8, V7=BARI begun-9, V8=BARI begun-10, V9=Makra, V10=Muktokashi, V11=Lalita, V12=Hazra, V13=Chaga. Accession means for total phenolics content averaged over years ranged from 0.74 to 1.43 g/100 g dry weight basis, although differences were not statistically significant due to a large accession–year interaction mean square. In Himachal Pradesh, among 27 different insect species and one mite species reported to be associated with brinjal crop (Patial and Mehta, 2008), shoot and fruit borer, L. Similarly, shoot infestation was found maximum in Naeelam (43.15 and 33.75%) followed by Kanha-091 (37.72 and 28.73 %) and Nirala was found to be least attacked by the pest showing 19.27 and 15.81% shoot infestation during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively. With proper timing and innovative methods of application, aqueous neem seed extract can be used as alternative or supplement to synthetic insecticide for the management of vegetable pests of local garden eggs by resource poor farmers. Botanicals are moderate in their efficacy in reducing the fruit borer damage in brinjal. P. 319. Mating has been observed on the same day or a day after emergence. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. The polyphagous larvae are primarily foliage feeders, but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [3]. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (BFSB)Leucinodes orbonalis Management. Mostofa Kamal: ISSN 0258-7122 (Print), 2408-8293 (Online), covers about 15% of the total vegeta, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, botanicals for the management of brinjal shoo, season (April-October) and scantly rainfall wi, experimental plot was divided into 3 blocks each containing 7 units plots. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes.It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas.Furthermore, it has been intercepted in imports of Solanaceae fruits from Asia and has been taken at light in the UK presumably as an result of such importations. ), Acraea pharsalus pharsalus (Ward. Environmental differences between the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years. R. Br. The yield loss varies from season to season and from location to location. The brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis is one of the most serious pests . (Journal of the Ghana Science Association: 2001 3(3): 70-84). It is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits. The mean number of L. orbonalis and S. blapsigona in the shoots and buds, respectively were significantly higher (p > 0.05) on plots treated with ANSE and Biobit than Karate. However, pesticide use has enabled farmers to modify production systems and to increase crop productivity without sustaining the higher losses likely to occur from an increased susceptibility to the damaging effect of pests. India is bestowed with vast diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions. Univ. Totally, there were 21 unit plots. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. In a no choice context, larval survivorship was reduced 23 -57 % after feeding on a meridic pinto bean diet treated with the extracts. Response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee.) ), Zonocerus variegatus L., Eulioptera sp., Urentius hystericellus (Richter) and Phaneroptera nana (Stal.). Among the all characters control treatment produced lower results in this study. Bioefficacy. Shoot and fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: ... Thailand, Burma, Srilanka, Laos, South Africa, Congo. Host range Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. In spite of its popularity among small and resource-poor farmers, brinjal cultivation is often input-intensive, espe-cially for insecticide applications. endobj Karate and ANSE also significantly (p < 0.05) reduced percentage fruit damage, number of borers per fruit and the activities of leaf feeders. In earlier field studies, The present investigation was undertaken entitled Efficacy of certain botanical insecticides against shoot and fruit borer [Leucinodes orbonalis (Gune.)] Weed control can be managed mechanically or chemically, therefore worldwide efficacy was considerably higher than for the control of animal pests or diseases, which rely heavily on synthetic chemicals. Performance of Aqueous Neem Seed Extract (ANSE) at 75 g/L of water (22.5 kg/ha) was evaluated on Legon I variety of local garden egg in the field. Among crops, the total global potential loss due to pests varied from about 50% in wheat to more than 80% in cotton production. 4 0 obj and working-out dosages for management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer under laboratory condition, Management of Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) in Nepal, Plant Extract for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee), Managing infestation levels of major insect pests of garden eggs (Solanum integrifolium L.) with aqueousneem seed extracts, Bioefficacy of some plant products against brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera : Pyrallidae), Future of botanical pesticides in rice, wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management, Toxicity and Antifeedant Activity of Selected Plant Extracts Against Larval Obliquebanded Leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana(Harris), Evaluation of flubendiamide as an IPM component for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Diversity in eggplant (Solanum melongena) for superoxide scavenging activity, total phenolics, and ascorbic acid. Minimum percent of shoot infestation, percent fruit infestation and B:C ratio were observed in cypermethrin 25 EC with (5.980%, 6.280% and 1:5.25) respectively. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Prosopis juliflora Linn. [Q��h+[^lϟ��o���g�>��j��?�eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t)��"?����� management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Mostofa Kamal. Neem: A natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the Ma, Murugesam, N. and T. Murugesh. (Biobit), a synthetic insecticide (Karate 2.5 EC) and an untreated control (water only). Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh: BARI. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. 2005. �[�R�b����Ho,�4!�XU�$J�5@UtUu[�Jk�3����jv�`��fS����0�?M��Z��il�T!9/yk�0 LK~�~Rp�'��*e]��`!|�az�'���TNֳ�I=Y%&1�5++������e��9��1�}�ቪIp�N��zz������lV��sq�mh�n�Z�: w}��Q+�~�16F����fX�� oW#�f���N�k&J��ވ��E�l�0��Mvj�̭kusyvpFM����C�15���d�3����q� �LV��g.6���{t��'��)�Ar*����R&�Bqb:��F�����凭�_|2�Qmr��D7�'�I~p�LBc�E��"av�Z�C�T_d� ��Tͣ1�1��'��@e�@�Gc�3b`�{�� x�A�~ڌ������(T���|(�� >���� leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Lantana camera Linn. insecticides and one chemical viz; cypermethrin 25 EC (0.006%), Neem oil (4%), NSKE (5%), Pongamia oil (5ml/lit), Iluppai oil (2%), Garlic bulb extract (4%), Tobacco leaf extract (3leaf/lit) were evaluated against shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. Percent shoot infestation reduction ov, Means followed by common letter(s) in a column do not differ sig, was the highest inmahogany oil + mahogany cake (86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50%), Application of trap and peak neem afforded 47.70% pro, Table 2. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer Accepted: November 20, 2017 (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is one of major chewing insect pest of brinjal and its infestation cause severe losses to this crop. A negatively significant correlation was found between fruit infestation and plant height (r = – 0.716), crown hair density (r = – 0.672) while the correlations of leaf hair density (r = – 0.623), and leaf area (r = – 0.613), was also significant and negative but not so strong. Healthy seedlings were, field spraying five grams of wheel powder was added to increase its adhesiveness, applied as foliar sprays starting after 20 days of transplanting and repeated, operations were accomplished for better g, Harvesting of fruits was started at 60 days after transplanting and continued up to, damage, percentage reduction of fruits infestation, numbers of larvae per i, fruits, cost of production, gross return and bene, fruiting stage, the highest (64.44%) percent shoot infestation reduction over, lowest (27.63%) in the garlic extract applied p, Table 1. <> The concept of integrated pest/crop management includes a threshold concept for the application of pest control measures and reduction in the amount/frequency of pesticides applied to an economically and ecologically acceptable level. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Water traps were used to monitor the effect of the three products on the abundance of insect fauna associated with crop. An experiment was conducted at Research Field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh from November 2011 to June 2012 to study the effect of plant extracts for the management of brinjal (Singhnath) shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) following Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) extracts have demonstrated potency in scavenging reactive oxygen species that are implicated in many human diseases. Three application of six botanical. The plant products were moderately effective compared to the standard check, carbaryl. It results in drooping of leaves and shedding of Infestation of brinjal shoot and fruit borer to fruit rose by 10.2I% in number and 9.72% in weight in untreated plots.There was a significant variation of per cent reduction of brinjal shoot and fruit borer infested fruit among the different treatments at 2 nd application after fruit setting. Incorporation of Bifora radians and H. lupulus into diet deterred larval feeding at a 1 % concentration by weight. extract @ 5.0 %. Outcome of intercropping garlic with brinjal for the small holder farmers of Bangladesh. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. BRINJAL SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER MANAGEMENT WITH INSECTICIDES 1415 Table I.- Treatments for brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis) control at Sahiwal on brinjal (S. melongena) shoot and fruit. %���� Between the two species the per cent parasitism was higher in T. chilonis compared to T. evanescens, i.e., 68.0 and 75.6 per cent, and 55.9 and 72.6 per cent in dosages @ 100000 and 150000/ha, respectively. Although ANSE could not effectively control the shoot and bud borers as Karate, it performed better in reducing borer damage than either Biobit or control. Introduction. Neem cake extract (51.97 %) and C. gigantea (51.34 %) were also quite effective in Kharif crop reducing fruit damage by more than 50 percent. The yield loss varies from season to season and from location to location. p>The main purpose of this study was to find out the best variety of brinjal having resistance to BSFB. Crop Protection :: Pests of Brinjal : Crop: Brinjal: Scientific name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae Shoot and fruit borer: Stem borer: Hadda / spotted beetle Significantly fewer (p < 0.05) numbers of predators mainly ants and ladybird beetles were collected from plants treated with Karate compared to either ANSE- or Biobit- treated plots. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption (Fig. Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, with Selected Insecticides VI: 339-343: 2014 AN INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES www.theecoscan.in SEASONAL INCIDENCE OF SHOOT AND FRUIT BORER (LEUCINODES ORBONALIS G.) ON BRINJAL IN RELATION TO WEATHER PARAMETERS IN HYPER ARID REGION OF RAJASTHAN A. K. Meena et al., KEYWORDS Brinjal … Studies on bioefficacy of insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee on brinjal were carried out during 2007 and 2008. Several plant extracts were evaluated against obliquebanded leafroller larvae to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects. We evaluated 33 S. melongena accessions and two S. aethiopicum accessions from the AVRDC Solanum collection for superoxide scavenging (SOS) activity with methanol (SOSm) and water (SOSw) extracts, and contents of total phenolics and ascorbic acid. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, neem cake extract @ 5.0 %, neem oil @ 2.0 %, Nimbecidine ® @ 2 ml /lit, Pongamia glabra Linn. Shoot and fruit borer is the most serious pest of brinjal. Treatment Common name Trade name Manufacturer Dose T1 Spinosad Tracer 240SC Dow Agrosciences 60ml/acre (148.26 ml/ ha) T2 Flubendiamide Belt 48SC Bayer Cropscience 50ml/acre (74.13 ml/ha) T3 … �a�Ȩ�>�*�:��2H��Xq�nq$� \c��1�1�4dIh���4q�7��OO��&��]1m'����c��� q�dc6�N���t��SƏt�#�ۦTi��y� ��dCPo��QU6)`���N�ˬ v�3G��m�ͥ�v����)�&�q�3����i�q��z�����b�Ժ����p��!F����/ ��,�I3٬>N!�z�5��g�r9� �՗ʁ�fd$�f6����Qp������I�h����\x翍��@78�i��6��!��5l�|�7���:�(E0P��q,`��C���9�d��F� C��5 ��}v91�^r��&�"����J�;2a�W��'������%O1�T`�~���mm����Y�����IL �8��KI�2P�I����A& 1090XO�I� ����¨���I2h�9�V�mقm�Y�X��$82B�9#4�^|�X�&b�U5�`�q��dn. They were: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. The SOSm and SOSw produced similar results, evidenced by the highly significant linear correlation (0.79**) between the two assays. <>/Metadata 225 0 R/ViewerPreferences 226 0 R>> The damages caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and economical losses. N Save Nature to Survive ISSN: 0974 - 0376 : Special issue, Vol. H. lupulus and Arctium lappa extracts were deleterious to larvae in each of the bioassay methods conducted, exhibiting toxic, developmental, and antifeedant effects. leaf extract @ 5.0 %, Calotropis gigantea. Regional differences in efficacy are outlined. brinjal is severely infested by mites, Tetranychus sp ., aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover and whiteflies including Bemisia tabaci Guenee and Trialeurodes sp. These two extracts may be promising candidates for further development as botanical insecticides that could potentially substitute broad-spectrum synthetic neurotoxins for leafroller control. All rights reserved. growth, yield, fruit quality, nutrient content and uptake, incidence of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) as well as economics of brinjal and other Solanaceous vegetables. Insects from seven major orders (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Odonata, Orthoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera and Hymenoptera) were found associated with the local garden egg. Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. Estimates on potential and actual losses despite the current crop protection practices are given for wheat, rice, maize, potatoes, soybeans, and cotton for the period 2001–03 on a regional basis (19 regions) as well as for the global total. have been studied during both the years under laboratory condition. 94. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. Use of neem leaf extract was highly effective to reduce the shoot and fruit infestation as well as to get higher yield. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Md. Percent fruit infestation reduction over co, larvae per infested shoot at early fr, (3.20) and the lowest in mahogany oil + mahogany cake (1.07) followed by neem, Table 3. This suggests that neem seed extract and Biobit had little or no systemic action against shoot and bud borers of the crop in the field. J. Bangladesh Agril. T3: Ata leaf extract, T4: Neem leaf extract, T5: Tobacco leaf extract, T6: Mahogony seed extract, T7: Aktara 25 WG and T8: Control. Res. 1 0 obj This indicates that Karate had adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem. The results reflected different levels of infestation in all cultivars by the pest. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production across the country. Like any other solana-ceous vegetables, brinjal has a diverse pest complex, but the most serious is the shoot and fruit borer (SFB), Leu- Karate and ANSE significantly (p < 0.05) reduced population levels of some major pests such as P. cordata and Z. variegatus than Biobit. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. The lowest number of larvae per infested shoot was recorded 1.10 and 1.08 in the same treatment at early and mid fruiting stage, respectively but notat vegetative stage and late fruiting stages. brinjal shoot and fruit borer on ‘Neelkanth’ varied from 3-5 days with a mean duration of 3.72±0.27 days (Table 1) whereas, on 'Pusa Purple Long' the incubation period varied from 3-5 days with a mean duration of 3.51±0.31days (Table 2). At times, entire crops can be lost. Council (BARC). An overview is given on different types of crop losses as well as on various methods of pest control developed during the last century. potato, tomato), mango, sweet potato and pea. The plant products were moderately effective against fruit damage too. Despite a clear increase in pesticide use, crop losses have not significantly decreased during the last 40 years. 2002. 1. Cultivar Naeelam showed maximum fruit infestation (58.60 and 48.09%) followed by Black long (47.93 and 33.31%). endobj Protection of shoot and fruit borer had higher over control 4 (92.5 and 91.3%, respectively) and fruit yield increment over control had higher (61.7%) in T4. Content available from Md. The effect of each treatment on insect abundance, defoliators, shoot, bud and fruit borers were determined. Furthermore, average female and male pupal weight was reduced for lea-frollers that fed on diet treated with each of the individually-tested extracts at a 4 % concentration (w/w). <> Sufficient genetic diversity exists in S. melongena for SOS and total phenolics to justify evaluation of a larger number of accessions. ), which attacked the shoots and fruits, the bud borer (budworm) Scrobipalpa blapsigona (Meyrick), which oviposited into the buds and the feeding activities of the larvae, led to the abortion of buds, Pachnoda cordata (Drury) which scraped and chewed stem and shoot and defoliators comprising Acraea peneleos peneleos (Ward. cultivar i.e. The same treatment provided the highest fruit infestation reduction over control resulting 86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50% reduction at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively. It riddles the plants parts, feeds on internal tissue causing the plants to fade and wither resulting into drying and drooping of growing shoot which is the typical symptom produced. p>The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of botanicals namely neem leaf extract, neem oil, mahogany oil, mahogany oil + mahogany cake, garlic extract, tobacco leaf extract along with an untreated control to manage brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB). 2009. The number of larvae per infested fruit was similarly lowest having 1.50, 1.06 and 1.07 at early, mid and late fruiting stage, respectively using the same approach. Data were collected on total number of shoot, total number of infested shoot, percentage of shoot damage, percentage of shoot infestation reduction, numbers of larvae per infested shoot, total number of fruit, percentage of fruit damage, percentage of fruit infestation reduction, numbers of larvae per infested fruit. Advertisements: brinjal shoot and fruit borer ( Leucinodes orbonalis ( Pyraustidae.... Apple fruit [ 3 ] untreated check were included egg ecosystem borer ( Leucinodes orbonalis Guen small brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf resource-poor,! Leafrollers are major pests in apple grow-ing regions throughout the world Lantana camera Linn. ) wild plants to... 2015 at Central Research Farm, MDS Agriculture college Ambikapur ( Chhattisgarh ), by crop protection higher! Damage apple fruit [ 3 ] in brinjal other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas the observations of 11. Is given on different types of crop protection was higher in cash crops than food... Untreated check were included eggplant ( Solanum melongena L. ) extracts have demonstrated potency in scavenging oxygen., making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption ( Fig total phenolics to justify of! 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